45. Jaathiya

Syed Abu-Ala' Maududi's Chapter Introductions to the Quran


It is derived from the sentence wa tartt kullu ummat- in jathiyat-un of verse 28 implying thereby that it is the Sura in which the word jathiyah has occurred.

Period of Revelation

The period of the revelation of this Sura also has not been mentioned in any authentic tradition but its subject matter clearly shows that it was revealed consecutively after Sura Ad Dukhan. The close resemblance between the contents of the two Suras makes them look like the twin Suras.

Subject Matter and Topics

It answers the doubts and objections of the disbeli- evers of Makkah about Tauhidand the Hereafter and warns them for their attitude that they had adopted against the message of the Qur'an. The discourse begins with the arguments for Tauhid. In this connection reference has been made to the count- less Signs that are found in the world from man's own body to the earth and heavens and it is pointed out that everywhere around him man finds things which testify to tauhidwhich he refuses to acknowledge. If man sees carefully the variety of animals the day and night the rainfall and the vegetation thereby the winds and his own creation and ponders over them intelligently without prejudice he will find these Signs sufficiently convincing of the truth that this universe is not Godless nor under the control of many gods but it has been created by One God and He alone is its Controller and Ruler. However the case of the person who is determined not to acbnowledge and wants to remain involved in doubts and suspicions is different. He cannot be blessed with the faith and conviction from anywhere in the world. A little below in the beginning of the second section it has been reiterated that the things man is exploiting in the world and the countless forces and ageneies that are serving his interests in the universe did not come into being just accidentally nor have they been provided by the gods and goddesses but it is One God alone Who has supplied and subjected these to him from Himself. If only a person uses his mind properly and rightly his own intellect will proclaim that God alone is man's real Benefactor and He alone deserves that man should pay obeisance to Him. After this the disbelievers of Makkah have been taken to task and reproved for their stubbornness arrogance mockery and insistence on disbelief with which they were resisting the invitation of the Qur'an they have been warned that this Qur'an has brought the same blessing which had been granted to the children of Israel before by virtue of which they became distinguished above all the people of the world. Then when they failed to recognize the true worth of this blessing and disputed their religion and lost it this blessing now has been sent to them. This is such a code of guidance which shows the clear highway of Religion to man. The people who would turn it down by their own folly would only prepare for their own doom and only such people would become worthy of God's succour and mercy who would adopt obedience to it and lead a life of piety and righteousness. In this connection the followers of the Holy Prophet have been instructed that they should forbear and pardon the absurd and foolish behaviour towards them of the people fearless of God for if they showed patience God Himself would deal with their opponents and would reward them for their fortitude. Then there is a criticism of the erroneous ideas that the disbelievers hold about the Hereafter. They said that life was only this worldly life there was no life hereafter. Man dies in the course of time just as a watch stops functioning suddenly. The body is not survived by any soul which might be seized and then breathed again into the human body some time in the future. In this regard they challenged the Holy Prophet saying: "If you lay a claim to this then raise our dead forefathers back to life." In answer to this Allah has given tbe following arguments (1) "You do not say this on the basis of any knowledge but are uttering this grave thing on the basis of conjecture. Do you really have the knowledge that there is no other life after death and the souls are not seized but are annihilated?" (2) "Your this claim rests mainly on this that you have not seen any dead person rising back to life and returning to the world. Is this basis strong enough for a person to make a claim that the dead people will never rise to life?When you do not experience and observe a thing does it mean t